There is no question about the many illegal and fraudulent methods utilized to perpetuate gentrification. The documentary, Decade of Fire, examines the ten year history of Bronx’s burning. Throughout the 1970s, landlords used arson to claim cash value for property. Historians and city residents have long discussed this period in urban decline, and it hardly limited itself to New York. John Powell Berkeley and Marguerite Spencer explain in “Giving Them the Old One-Two: Gentrification and the K.O. of Impoverished Urban Dwellers of Color” how Chicago’s city officials all but condoned any number of criminal practices, including “arson; intimidation of property owners to sell or of low-income minority tenants to leave; eviction of tenants without notice; schemes to deplete property values to then acquire them cheap; identifying buyers for properties that were not up for sale, securing signed offers from them, and then pressuring the owner into selling; targeting vulnerable populations and hounding them into and then purchasing their properties at dirt-low prices.” These buried practices has resurfaced into the public arena around tenant evictions, deed fraud, and other illegal methods of removal. As such, it received classification as a tool of gentrification.